Omaha Poker Rules | Learn the Official Rules of Omaha Poker
The betting rounds in Omaha work the same way as they do in Texas Holdem, with a total of five community cards dealt as "The Flop" (three cards), followed by "The Turn" (one card) and "The River" (one card).
The dealer button and blinds are also used the same way, and there is a round of betting before the flop.
There is also an Omaha variant called Hi/Lo, in which the pot is split between the highest and the lowest hand, but the hand ranking in Pot Limit Omaha Hi is the same as in Texas Holdem and most other forms of poker.
Omaha vs. Texas Holdem:
- The main difference between Omaha and Texas Holdem is that all participating players receive four hole cards, and exactly two of these cards must be used together with three cards from the board to create a five-card poker hand.
- Because of the many possible combinations, the winning hand is often much stronger than a winning Texas Holdem hand.
- Omaha can be played as Fixed Limit and No-Limit, but most common is the Pot Limit variation. This means that the bets are limited to the current size of the pot, i.e., you can bet less but not more than the pot total
The first betting round takes place when the four hole cards have been dealt. Then three community cards are dealt to the board - the flop. The second round of betting takes place. Then a fourth board card is dealt, called the turn.
The third betting round takes place, and finally the fifth and last community card is dealt, the river. With all cards on the board, the last betting round is battled out. If more than one player remains in the hand, there is a showdown and the player with the best poker hand wins the hand.
The basic game structure of Omaha Hi-Lo is the same as in Omaha High (and Texas Holdem,) with a small and a big blind and three community cards known as the "Flop", followed by a "Turn" and a "River." The game has a dealer button, which is moved one step clockwise after each completed hand.
Just like in Omaha High, all players are dealt four hole cards, and exactly two of these must be used with three from the board to make a five card hand.
The Low Hand in Omaha
The difference between Omaha High and Omaha Hi-Lo is that the pot is split between the highest ranking hand and the lowest. Therefore, the goal of the game is to "scoop" the pot, which happens when you hold both the best high and the best low hand.
However, in some cases no low hand will be possible, since it must meet some certain conditions. If there is no qualified low hand, the high hand wins the entire pot.
Just like the high hand, a qualifying low hand must be made up of two of the player's hole cards and three of the community cards, but no card must be higher than an eight. Straights and flushes do not disqualify the low hand, but pairs do.
The highest of the low-hand cards determines the winner, which means that 3-4-5-6-7 is a better low hand than A-2-3-4-8. Consequently, the best possible low hand is A-2-3-4-5 and the worst is 4-5-6-7-8.
What is Quartering in Omaha?
Even if you hold either the best high or the best low hand, it's possible to get "quartered." This happens for instance if your opponent has the same high hand as you, but also a qualifying low hand.
The high hand half of the pot will be split, but your opponent wins the remaining half of the pot. For this reason, it's always preferable to have a hand with both high and low possibilities.
· The betting structure in Omaha Hi-Lo is the same as in Omaha High and Texas Holdem
· You must use exactly two of your hole cards and three community cards to make both the low and the high hand (but not necessarily the same two).
· For a hand to qualify as a low, it must be an unpaired five-card hand made up of cards 8 or lower. Straights and flushes do not disqualify a low hand.
· The pot is split between the high hand (standard hand ranking) and the low hand, if applicable.